- Failed induction - this may be the cervix fails to dilate in a preset amount of time, or mother or baby become ill from the induction of labor.
- Labor dystocia - labor stalls, can be early or late in labor.
- Fetal distress - where the baby's heart rate is non-reassuring or has developed a pattern of not returning to a normal baseline on the fetal monitoring strip.
- Maternal distress - this may be fever or other problems with the mother.
- Infection of mother or baby.
- Bleeding from the uterus or placenta as in a placental abruption or uterine rupture.
- Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) where the pelvis and baby are a supposed mismatch, often termed big baby.
It is important to note most of these reasons are not emergent and provide you with time to get informed consent and to make a decision.
See also: Cesarean Birth: Step by Step