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Vacuum Extractor

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Updated August 15, 2007

Vacuum Extractor
Photo © Robin Elise Weiss
Vacuum extraction is a cup like device that is either attached to a suction device on the wall or by a manual suction pump. It is placed on the back of the baby's head and the suction is increased so that the practitioner pulls with the mother's pushes.

Vacuum extractors have different properties than the forceps:

  • Can be used higher than forceps
  • Can cause less trauma to mother's tissues
  • Can cause more trauma to baby

Alternatives may include changing the mother's position, including the use of a deep squat or the use of forceps or cesarean section.

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