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Cesarean Scars


Updated April 16, 2014

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

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What type of abdominal incision is used in a c-section?
Abdominal Incisions for C-Section
Photo © A.D.A.M.

What types of incisions are made in the abdomen?
Vertical incisions are very rare. This is called a classical incision by lay people because it was the original type of cesarean incision used. The medical term for this type of incisions is a vertical midline. These are only used in extreme circumstances.

The horizontal or bikini incision (pfannenstiel incision) is a very common type of incision used on the abdomen. It it placed at the top of to pubic hair or just over the hair line as the c-section is started. This provides a much more cosmetically appealing scar once it is healed.

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