A birth center is a relatively new concept for a place to give birth to your baby. It is a home like setting that offers a place for low risk women to give birth without the use of a lot of medical medical intervention, typically including the use of pain relieving medications. Instead the birth center uses doctors, midwives and doula to help parents have a more natural birth. This is often considered a place to give birth between home and the hospital.
A birth center is a very safe place for the majority of women to have their babies and there are many reasons that families choose birth center care from a doctor or midwife. Be sure to talk to other families who have used birth centers. Many families talk about how happy they are with the care that not only the mom and partner get in labor but also the extended family. Some mothers choose to use a birth center to allow themselves the ability to go home fairly close after the birth, as many families go home with in hours.
You need to ask your birth center some important questions, just as you would a hospital or home birth practitioner:
- Will your insurance pay for the prenatal care from a birth center practitioner? The birth and postpartum care?
- What types of support does the birth center offer during labor? Comfort measures?
- Is water birth allowed? Encouraged? If not a water birth, can you use water in labor? What water is available? Tub? Shower? Jacuzzi?
- Who provides care in the birth center? Are they all licensed? If so, by whom?
- How many mothers transfer care to a hospital or obstetrician during pregnancy? What are the guidelines for transfer of care in pregnancy?
- How many mothers transfer care to a hospital during labor or postpartum? What are the reasons for transfer to the hospital? Do they have a relationship with a doctor and/or hospital or will you be transferred without that in place? Will the practitioner stay with you in the hospital?
- What is the cesarean rate for the birth center? The transfer rate? (Pregnancy vs. Labor.)
- Is your birth center accredited by anyone? The Commission for the Accreditation of Birth Centers (CABC)? Is there a license given by your state?
- How late in pregnancy can you change to the birth center? Is there a visit to review policies and the facility, such as an orientation?
- Can you talk to others who have given birth there?
- Are there classes available for pregnancy, birth, postpartum and baby care?
- What does your gut say during a visit? Do you feel cared for? How long are prenatals? Do families seem happy? Is it clean and professional?